Medications including both oral and topical may increase ocular dryness. These medications include antihistamines, decongestants, beta blockers, and anticholinergics. These drugs are used to treat such conditions as anxiety, depression, insomnia, genitourinary disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, and Parkinson’s disease. Other medications that may also contribute to dryness include oral contraceptives, oral steroids, and anti-acne medications such as Accutane.
Dr Ashraf of the Atlanta Vision Institute states that, “While these medications are not the major cause of dry eyes, they are ,however, a major aggravating factor in drying out the tear film.” Dr Ashraf adds that it is important to disclose all of your systemic medications to your ophthalmologist, since there maybe alternatives.
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